In 1631, the
which had wound its way in
the city was straightened out like a canal from south to north. Ciliwung
The canal found on
The district had also dry dockyards owned by VOC and the Chinese. As the district flourished, VOC also built Spinhuys or a loom factory, a number of markets and housing compounds for low-income people, the majority of whom were the Portuguese and the Chinese. Most of the smaller buildings on the riverbanks functioned as both houses and shops and were inhabited by the Chinese.